Oxygen fugacity is an important but difficult parameter to constrain for primitive arc magmas. In this study, the partitioning behavior of Fe3+/Fe2+ between amphibole and glass synthesized in piston-cylinder and cold-seal apparatus experiments is developed as an oxybarometer, applicable to magmas ranging from basaltic to dacitic composition. The partitioning of Fe2+ is strongly dependent on melt polymerization; the relative compatibility of Fe2+ in amphibole decreases with increasing polymerization. The Fe2+/Mg distribution coefficient between amphibole and melt is a relatively constant value across all compositions and is, on average, 0.27. The amphibole oxybarometer is applied to amphibole in mafic enclaves, cumulates, and basaltic tephra erupted from Shiveluch volcano in Kamchatka with measured Fe3+/FeTotal. An average Fe3+/Fe2+ amphibole-glass distribution coefficient for basalt is used to convert the Fe3+/FeTotal of amphibole in samples from Shiveluch to magmatic oxygen fugacity relative to NNO. The fO2 of primitive melts at the volcano is approximately NNO+2 and is faithfully recorded in amphibole from an amphibole-rich cumulate and the basaltic tephra. Apparently, higher fO2 recorded by amphibole in mafic enclaves likely results from partial dehydrogenation of amphibole during residence in a shallow andesite storage region. We identify three pulses of mafic magma recharge within two weeks of, a month before, and two to three months before the eruption and find that, at each of these times, the host andesite was recharged by at least two magmas at varying stages of differentiation. Application of the amphibole oxybarometer not only gives insight into magmatic fO2 but also potentially details of shallow magmatic processes.

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