Biomineralization is a complex ensemble of concomitant phenomena, driving the development of complex biological structures, by associating highly organized organic matrices that function as templates for the nucleation and organization at the nanoscale of inorganic nanostructured phases (Sprio et al. 2014). These inorganic phases are called biominerals. They can be deposited within the tissues of living organisms (or in the immediate surroundings) as a result of the organism's metabolism (Skinner 2000). These biomineral-forming organisms are known as biomineralizers. Their impressive diversity, recently reviewed by Ehrlich et al. (2008) boasts ∼128 000 mollusk species, ∼800 coral species,...

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