The study of the intracrystalline Fe-Mg exchange between M1 and M2 crystallographic sites in clinopyroxene on samples a variety of geological settings has provided a framework to understand the thermal history of pyroxene-bearing rocks. The Fe-Mg exchange reaction has successfully been exploited as a geothermometric tool in the study of orthopyroxene and pigeonite-bearing rocks, but relatively few data are available for clinopyroxene. A strong correlation between total iron content and the slope of the Fe2+-Mg equilibrium distribution coefficient (kD) as a function of temperature has been found for orthopyroxene and pigeonite, and we investigate this relationship in augite.
We carried out new equilibrium annealing experiments at 800, 900, and 1000 °C followed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and structural refinement to obtain a new geothermometric calibration for augite from a 120 m thick lava flow from Ontario, Canada [Theo’s Flow, En49Fs9Wo42 hereafter also referred as Fs9 where Fs = 100·ΣFe/(ΣFe+Mg+Ca) with ΣFe = Fe2++Fe3++Mn]. This new calibration enabled us to evaluate the compositional effects (mainly Fe content) by comparison with the data previously obtained on augite from MIL 03346 martian sample (En36Fs24Wo40 hereafter referred to as Fs24).
This new calibration describes the equilibrium behavior of augite and can be reliably used to determine the closure temperature (Tc) of augite with composition ranging between Fs9 and Fs24.