Fe-S-P compounds have been observed in many meteorites and could be the important components in planetary cores. Here we investigated the phase stability of Fe3(S,P) solid solutions and synthesized high-quality Fe3(S1−xPx) high-pressure phases in the multi-anvil press. The physical properties of Fe3(S0.5P0.5) were further studied in the diamond-anvil cell by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and emission spectroscopy. The solubility of S in the Fe3(S,P) solid solution increases with increasing pressure. The minimum pressure to synthesize the pure Fe3S and Fe3(S0.13P0.87) is about 21 and 8 GPa, respectively. The observed discontinuity in unit-cell parameters at about 18 GPa is caused by the high-spin to low-spin transition of iron, supported by X-ray emission spectroscopy data. The sulfur solubility in Fe3(S,P) solid solutions could be an excellent pressure indicator if such solid solutions are found in nature.

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