Abstract

Pieczkaite, ideally Mn5(PO4)3Cl, is a new apatite-supergroup mineral from Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. It occurs as small patches and narrow veins in large crystals of apatite and (Mn,Cl)-bearing apatite in phosphate pods in the quartz core of a granitic pegmatite. Veins of Mn-bearing apatite narrow to ~25 μm where the Mn content becomes high enough to constitute pieczkaite. It is gray with a grayish-white streak, does not fluoresce under ultraviolet light, and has no observable cleavage or parting. Mohs hardness is 4–5, and pieczkaite is brittle with an irregular fracture. The calculated density is 3.783 g/cm3. Optical properties were measured using a Bloss spindle stage at a wavelength of 590 nm (using a gel filter). Pieczkaite is uniaxial (−) with indices of refraction ω = 1.696, ɛ = 1.692, both ±0.002. Pieczkaite is hexagonal, space group P63/m, a = 9.504(4), c = 6.347(3) Å, V = 496.5(1) Å3, Z = 2, c:a = 1:0.6678. The six strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are as follows: d (Å), I, (hkl): 2.794, 100, (2̄31, 1̄31); 2.744, 88, (030); 2.639, 34, (1̄22); 2.514, 25, (031, 022); 1.853, 25, (3̄42, 1̄42); 3.174, 24, (002). Chemical analysis by electron microprobe gave P2O5 37.52, MnO 41.77, FeO 2.45, CaO 13.78, Cl 3.86, H2O 0.60, O≡Cl −0.87, sum 99.11 wt% where the H2O content was calculated as 1 – Cl apfu. The resulting empirical formula on the basis of 12 O anions is (Mn3.36Fe0.20Ca1.40)∑4.96 (P1.01O4)3(Cl0.62OH0.38)1.00, and the end-member formula is Mn5(PO4)3Cl. The crystal structure of pieczkaite was refined to an R1 index of 4.07% based on 308 observed reflections collected on a three-circle rotating-anode diffractometer with MoKα X-radiation. Pieczkaite is isostructural with apatite, Mn is the dominant cation at both the [9]- and [7]-coordinated-cation sites in the structure, and Cl is the dominant monovalent anion.

You do not currently have access to this article.