Abstract

Dislocation microstructures of an (010)[001]-textured wadsleyite have been investigated in weak-beam dark-field imaging in a transmission electron microscope. 1/2<101> partial dislocations on the (010) plane are characterized with [100] dislocations on the (001) plane and 1/2<111> dislocations forming {011} slip bands. The partial dislocations are extended on the (010) stacking fault as a glide configuration (i.e., Shockley-type stacking faults with 1/2<101> displacement vector). The [001] slip on the (010) plane occurs by glide of the dissociated dislocations, which can play an important role in the generation of the crystallographic preferred-orientation patterns reported in water-poor deformation conditions. The glide mechanism on the (010) plane leaves the oxygen sub-lattice unaffected, but changes the cation distribution, forming a defective stacking sequence of the magnesium cations in the process of dislocation gliding. The mechanism might be related to transformation plasticity and related effects, such as transformation-enhanced weakening and deep-focus earthquakes in the mantle transition zone.

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