Abstract

This work is the first in situ U–Pb geochronological study of perovskite and calcic garnet (andradite) from the Guli complex in the Maimecha–Kotuy alkaline province (Polar Siberia, Russia). The U–Pb isotopic compositions of perovskite from contact zones of the two carbonatite stocks (Southern and Northern) and from jacupirangite separating the stocks were determined by laser-ablation inductively-coupled-plasma mass-spectrometry (LA-ICPMS) and isotope-dilution thermal-ionisation mass-spectrometry (ID-TIMS). The LA-ICPMS and ID-TIMS data for perovskite from the Northern carbonatite stock are in good agreement, yielding 206Pb/238U ages of 250.4 ± 1.1 Ma and 249 ± 2 Ma, respectively. These ages are also within the analytical uncertainty from the ID-TIMS results for perovskite from jacupirangites (250 ± 1 Ma). The LA-ICPMS results for perovskite from the Southern carbonatite stock indicate its somewhat older age (255.3 ± 2.4 Ma), implying the possibility of small-volume mantle magmatism predating the eruption of the Siberian flood basalts at ca. 252–251 Ma. This interpretation is supported by reports of pre-flood magmatism elsewhere in eastern Siberia. Andradite crystals from the contact between the Southern stock and metasomatised melilitolite were analysed by ID-TIMS. These measurements are inconclusive (247 ± 6 Ma) and could not be used to constrain further the timing of carbonatitic magmatism in the southern part of the complex. The present contribution also presents a refined methodology for LA-ICPMS geochronological studies of perovskite with elevated levels of common lead, and addresses some of the problems with previously proposed calibration standards.

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