Abstract

The new alluaudite-group mineral badalovite was found in the Arsenatnaya fumarole at the Second scoria cone of the Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. It is associated with hematite, tenorite, cassiterite, johillerite, nickenichite, calciojohillerite, bradaczekite, metathénardite, aphthitalite, langbeinite, calciolangbeinite, sanidine, fluorophlogopite, fluoborite, tilasite, anhydrite, pseudobrookite, sylvite, halite, lammerite, urusovite, ericlaxmanite, arsmirandite, svabite, krasheninnikovite, euchlorine, wulffite and alumoklyuchevskite. Badalovite forms oblique-angled prismatic crystals up to 1 mm × 1 mm × 5 mm, typically combined in groups or crusts up to several hundred cm2 in area. The mineral is transparent, green, grey, yellow or colourless, with vitreous lustre. It is brittle, the Mohs hardness is 3½. Cleavage was not observed, the fracture is uneven. Dcalc is 4.02 g cm–3. Badalovite is optically biaxial (–), α = 1.753(3), β = 1.757(3), γ = 1.758(3) and 2Vmeas. = 50(10)°. Chemical composition (wt.%, electron-microprobe; holotype) is: Na2O 9.23, K2O 0.19, CaO 2.04, MgO 13.78, MnO 0.31, CuO 0.12, ZnO 0.24, Al2O3 0.06, Fe2O3 12.77, TiO2 0.01, SiO2 0.06, P2O5 0.33, V2O5 0.05, As2O5 61.51, SO3 0.02, total 100.72. The empirical formula based on 12 O apfu is Na1.67Ca0.20K0.02Mg1.92Zn0.02Mn0.02Cu0.01Fe3+0.90Al0.01(As3.01P0.03Si0.01)Σ3.05O12. The simplified formula is Na2Mg2Fe3+(AsO4)3. Badalovite is monoclinic, C2/c, a = 11.9034(3), b = 12.7832(2), c = 6.66340(16) Å, β = 112.523(3)°, V = 936.59(4) Å3 and Z = 4. The strongest reflections of the powder XRD pattern [d,Å(I)(hkl)] are: 6.41(38)(020), 5.505(20)(200), 3.577(23)(forumla$\bar{1}$31), 3.523(25)(310), 3.211(46)(forumla$\bar{1}$12), 2.911(28)(forumla$\bar{2}$22, forumla$\bar{3}$12), 2.765(100)(240, 400) and 2.618(26)(forumla$\bar{1}$32). The crystal structure was solved from single-crystal XRD data with an R1 of = 2.49%. Badalovite is isostructural with other alluaudite-group minerals. Its simplified crystal chemical formula is A(1)NaA(1)’A(2)A(2)’NaM(1)MgM(2)(Mg0.5Fe3+0.5)2(AsO4)3 (□ – vacancy) and the end-member formula is NaNaMg(MgFe3+)(AsO4)3. The mineral is named in honour of the outstanding mineralogist and geochemist Stepan Tigranovich Badalov (1919–2014).

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