Abstract

Belomarinaite, ideally KNaSO4, is a new sulfate mineral discovered in the Toludskoe lava field, formed during the 2012–2013 Tolbachik Fissure eruption. The mineral occurs as arborescent aggregates of tabular crystals (1 mm × 0.3 mm × 0.1 mm) comprising hematite impurities. The average size of the aggregates is 0.5–0.7 mm. The empirical formula is (K0.95Na0.92Cu0.04)Σ1.91S1.01O4. The crystal structure of belomarinaite was determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data; the space group is P3m1, a = 5.6072(3), c = 7.1781(4) Å, V = 195.45(2) Å3, Z = 2 and R1 = 2.6%. In the crystal structure of belomarinaite, there are six cation sites: the [4]S1 and [4]S2 sites are occupied by S, the [6]Na and [12]K sites are occupied by Na and K, respectively, giving Na0.5K0.5 apfu and the [10]M1 and [10]M2 sites are occupied by Na0.78K0.22 and K0.78Na0.22 apfu, respectively. The crystal structure is a framework of SO4 tetrahedra, Na octahedra and K, M1 and M2 polyhedra. Belomarinaite is isostructural with the synthetic compound KNaSO4. In belomarinaite, Na and K are disordered over M1 and M2 sites; in its synthetic analogue, Na and K are ordered over M1 and M2 sites, respectively. The Mohs’ hardness is 2–3. The mineral is uniaxial (+), with ω = 1.485(3) and ε = 1.488(3) (λ = 589 nm). The strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are: 4.022(31)(101); 3.591(26)(002); 2.884(74)(102); 2.800(100)(110); 2.391(16)(003); 2.296(8)201; 2.008(38)(022); and 1.634(10)(212). The mineral was named in honour of Russian volcanologist Marina Gennadievna Belousova (b. 1960) for her significant contributions to the monitoring of the Tolbachik Fissure eruption.

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