Abstract

The new mineral magnesiocanutite (IMA2016-057), NaMnMg2[AsO4]2[AsO2(OH)2], was found at the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile, where it occurs as a secondary phase in association with anhydrite, canutite, halite, lavendulan and magnesiokoritnigite. Magnesiocanutite occurs as pale brownish-pink to rose-pink, lozenge-shaped tablets that are often grouped in tightly intergrown aggregates. The crystal forms are {110} and {102}. Crystals are transparent, with vitreous lustre and white to very pale pink streak. The Mohs hardness is 2½, tenacity is brittle, and the fracture is splintery. Crystals exhibit two perfect cleavages: {010} and {101}. The calculated density is 3.957 g/cm3. Optically, magnesiocanutite is biaxial (+), with α = 1.689(2), β = 1.700(2), γ = 1.730(2) (measured in white light); 2Vmeas. = 64.3(4)°; slight dispersion, r < v; orientation Z = b; X ∧ a = 15° in obtuse angle β. The mineral is slowly soluble in dilute HCl at room temperature. Electron-microprobe analyses, provided Na2O 5.44, CaO 0.26, MgO 8.84, MnO 18.45, CoO 1.47, CuO 2.13, As2O5 59.51, H2O(calc) 2.86, total 98.96 wt.%. Magnesiocanutite is monoclinic, C2/c, a = 12.2514(8), b = 12.4980(9), c = 6.8345(5) Å, β = 113.167(8)°, V = 962.10(13) Å3 and Z = 4. The eight strongest powder X-ray diffraction lines are [dobs Å(I)(hkl)]: 6.25(42)(020), 3.566(43)(310,131), 3.262(96)(forumla12), 3.120(59)(002,131,040,221), 2.787(93)(400,022,041,330), 2.718(100)(forumla21,240,112,forumla02), 2.641(42)(forumla32) and 1.5026(43)(multiple). Magnesiocanutite has a protonated alluaudite-type structure (R1 = 2.59% for 789 Fo > 4σF reflections) and is the Mg analogue of canutite. Using the results of both the microprobe analyses and structure refinement, the structurally based empirical formula is Na(Mn0.78Mg0.22)Σ1.00(Mg1.04Mn0.70Cu0.15Co0.11)Σ2.00[AsO4]2[AsO2(OH)2].

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