Abstract

The new mineral chinleite-(Y) (IMA2016-017), NaY(SO4)2·H2O, was found in the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA, where it occurs as a secondary alteration phase. Chinleite-(Y) crystals are thin hexagonal {100} prisms (up to 0.3 mm long) with pyramidal terminations consisting of the forms {101} and {011}. Prisms are typically intergrown in divergent sprays, bow-tie aggregates or subparallel intergrowths. Crystals are colourless and transparent with a vitreous lustre. The streak is white and the mineral is nonfluorescent. The Mohs hardness is between 2½ and 3. Crystals are brittle with at least one good cleavage parallel to [001], probably {100}, and have splintery fracture. The mineral is slowly soluble in H2O at room temperature. The calculated density is 3.385 g cm–3. The mineral is optically uniaxial (+), with ω = 1.565(1) and ε = 1.603(1) (white light). Electron microprobe analyses yielded the empirical formula (Na0.507Ca0.285Y0.176)Σ0.968(Y0.724Dy0.110Er0.053Gd0.037Ho0.021Yb0.013Nd0.014Eu0.005Sm0.008 Ce0.010Pr0.003La0.002)Σ1.000(SO4)2·H1.401O. The eight strongest powder X-ray diffraction lines are [dobs Å(I)(hkl)]: 6.01(59)(100), 5.43(63)(011), 3.457(46)(110), 3.010(100)(200), 2.826(95)(014), 2.1365(39)(006,122), 1.8493(67)(214) and 1.6901(28)(125,034). Chinleite-(Y) is trigonal, P3221, a = 6.890(2), c = 12.767(2) Å, V = 524.9(3) Å3 and Z = 3. The structure of chinleite-(Y) (R1 = 0.0444 for 303 Fo > 4σF), a three-dimensional framework, consisting of SO4 groups, irregular NaO8 polyhedra and YO9 distorted tri-capped trigonal prisms, is similar to the structure of bassanite.

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