Abstract

Imayoshiite, Ca3Al(CO3)[B(OH)4](OH)6·12H2O, occurs in cavities in the altered gabbro xenolith in the sepentinized dunite exposed at Suisho-dani, Ise City, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Imayoshiite is colourless and transparent with a vitreous lustre and its aggregates are white with a silky lustre. Imayoshiite has a white streak. Its Mohs hardness is 2–3. It is brittle, the cleavage is distinct on {100} and the fracture is uneven. The mineral is uniaxial (–) with the indices of refraction ω = 1.497(2) and ε = 1.470(2) in white light. Imayoshiite is hexagonal, P63, a = 11.0264(11), c = 10.6052(16) Å by powder diffraction and a = 11.04592(2), c = 10.61502(19) Å by single-crystal diffraction. The structural refinement converged to R1 = 2.35%. Imayoshiite is the first member of the ettringite group with both CO3 and B(OH)4 anions.

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