It has been just over 100 years since the groundbreaking discoveries that transformed crystallography into an experimental science concerned with the arrangement of atoms in materials. Once Röntgen discovered X-rays (in 1895), their diffraction from crystals (von Laue in 1912) and solution of the first crystal structures (W.L. Bragg and W.H. Bragg in 1912–1913) followed rapidly. Max von Laue was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1914 for his discovery, and William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1915 for theirs. Thus, the year 1914 lies in the middle of an astounding...

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