Carbonatites have always been controversial (Mitchell, 2005). Their magmatic origin was disputed in the early days of the last century, regardless of the fact that experiments clearly demonstrated the crystallization of magmatic calcite (Wyllie and Tuttle, 1960). The observation of the eruption of natrocarbonatite lava in Oldoinyo Lengai (Dawson 1962) finally convinced petrologists that they were dealing with the products of magmatic carbonate liquids. Since that time, further controversies have emerged, especially regarding the ultimate origin of carbonatite magmas, for which there are two ‘endmember’ hypotheses. The generally accepted hypothesis is based on isotopic evidence and suggests...

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