Abstract

Fluoro-potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, ideally AKBNa2C(Mg4Fe3+)TSi8O22WF2, has been found in a dyke ∼25 km southwest of Monte Metocha, Xixano region, northeastern Mozambique. Fluoro-potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite and low sanidine form a fine-grained mafic, ultrapotassic, peralkaline igneous rock without visible phenocrysts. The amphibole is brittle, has a Mohs hardness of 6 and a splintery fracture; it is non-fluorescent with perfect {110} cleavage and no observable parting, and has a calculated density of 3.174 gcm−3. In plane-polarized light, it is pleochroic, X = pale grey-green, Y = blue-green, Z = palegrey; X ^ c = 23.6° (in β obtuse), Y || b, Z ^ c = 66.4° (in β acute). Fluoro-potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite is biaxial negative, α = 1.652(2), β = 1.658(2), γ = 1.660(2); 2Vobs = 22.5(7)°, 2Vcalc = 30.2°. The unit-cell dimensions are a = 9.9591(4), b = 17.9529(7), c = 5.2867(2) Å, β = 104.340(1)°, V = 919.73(10) Å3, Z = 2. The nine strongest X-ray diffraction lines in the experimental powder pattern are: [d in Å(I)(hkl)]: 2.716(100)(151), 3.410(70)(131), 8.475(50)(110), 3.178(50)(310), 3.309(30)(240), 2.762(20)(

\({\bar{3}}\)
31), 2.549(20)(260), 2.351(10)(
\({\bar{3}}\)
51), 2.269(10)(331). Electron microprobe analysis gave: SiO2 54.25, Al2O3 0.03, TiO2 1.08, FeO 6.69, Fe2O3 8.07, MgO 13.99, MnO 0.32, ZnO 0.05, CaO 1.16, Na2O 6.33, K2O 5.20, F 2.20, H2Ocalc 0.74, sum 99.18 wt.%. The formula unit, calculated on the basis of 24 (O,OH,F) with (OH+F) = 2–(2 Ti), is AK0.98B(Na1.81Ca0.18)Σ1.99C(Mg3.07
\(\mathrm{Fe}_{0.83}^{2+}\)
Mn0.04
\(\mathrm{Fe}_{0.90}^{3+}\)
Ti0.12Zn0.01)Σ=4.98TSi8O22W[F1.03(OH)0.73O0.24]Σ2.00 and confirms the usual pattern of cation order in the amphibole structure. The presence of a significant oxo component (locally balanced by Ti at the M(1) site) is related to the crystallization conditions. The presence of Fe3+ at the T sites, originally suggested for the holotype specimen, is discounted for this amphibole composition.

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