Abstract

The crystal chemistry of tapiolite is more complicated than previously recognized. Perusal and synthesis of relatively recent publications reveals a `hidden' story about tapiolite, one that: (1) permits quantification of the effects of Mn, Fe3+, Ti (and Sn) upon the unit-cell parameters of maximally ordered tapiolite; (2) shows that the effect of Nb = Ta substitution upon unit-cell parameters is insignificant; (3) casts doubt on the usefulness of heating experiments for accurately evaluating cation order in tapiolite; (4) suggests that rutile exsolves from tapiolite upon heating in air at lower temperatures than previously established; (5) shows that the maximum solubility of TiO2 in FeTa2O6 tapiolite during the later stages of crystallization of granitic pegmatites is ∼1 mol.%; (6) shows that the heating paths for at least some natural tapiolite samples are not necessarily linear, consisting of two sequential steps; (7) sheds doubt on the usefulness of unit-cell parameters as quantitative measures of long-range cation order, Q, in tapiolite; but (8) does show that the intensity ratio I011/I110 can provide an accurate and reasonably precise measure of cation order in tapiolite.

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