Two sediment cores retrieved at the northern slope of Sakhalin Island, Sea of Okhotsk, were analysed for biogenic opal, organic carbon, carbonate, sulphur, major element concentrations, mineral contents and dissolved substances including nutrients, sulphate, methane, major cations, humic substances and total alkalinity. Down-core trends in mineral abundance suggest that plagioclase feldspars and other reactive silicate phases (olivine, pyroxene, volcanic ash) are transformed into smectite in the methanogenic sediment sections. The element ratios Na/Al, Mg/Al and Ca/Al in the solid phase decrease with sediment depth indicating a loss of mobile cations with depth and producing a significant down-core increase in...

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