Micas incorporate a wide variety of elements in their crystal structures. Elements occurring in significant concentrations in micas include: Si, IVAl, IVFe3+, B and Be in the tetrahedral sheet; Ti, VIAl, VIFe3+, Mn3+, Cr, V, Fe2+, Mn2+, Mg and Li in the octahedral sheet; K, Na, Rb, Cs, NH4, Ca and Ba in the interlayer; and O, OH, F, Cl and S as anions. Extensive substitutions within these groups of elements form compositionally varied micas as members of different solid-solution series. The most common true K micas (94% of almost 6750 mica analyses) belong to three dominant solid-solution series (phlogopite–annite, siderophyllite–polylithionite and muscovite–celadonite). Their classification parameters include: Mg/(Mg+Fetot) [=Mg#] for micas with VIR >2.5 a.p.f.u. and VIAl <0.5 a.p.f.u.; Fetot/(Fetot+Li) [=Fe#] for micas with VIR >2.5 a.p.f.u. and VIAl >0.5 a.p.f.u.; and VIAl/(VI Al+Fetot+Mg) [=Al#] for micas with VIR <2.5 a.p.f.u. The common true K micas plot predominantly within and between these series and have Mg×Li <0.3 a.p.f.u. Tainiolite is a mica with Mg×Li >0.7 a.p.f.u., or, for transitional stages, 0.3–0.7 a.p.f.u. Some true K mica end-members, especially phlogopite, annite and muscovite, form binary solid solutions with non-K true micas and with brittle micas (6% of the micas studied). Graphical presentation of true K micas using the coordinates Mg minus Li (= mgli) and VIFetot+Mn+Ti minus VIAl (= feal) depends on their classification according to VIR and VIAl, complemented with the 50/50 rule.

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