Abstract

The heat capacity of synthetic lazulite, MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2, has been measured between 35 and 298 K by means of low-temperature adiabatic calorimetry. A lazulite third-law entropy (S0298) value of 204(3) J K−1 mol−1 was retrieved after extrapolation of the lazulite heat capacity by a cubic temperature function, down to absolute temperature. Identical measurements on α-Al2O3 yielded S0298 = 51.2 J mol−1 K−1 instead of the recommended 50.94 J mol−1 K−1 value. This new lazulite third-law entropy along with other phosphate entropy data either derived from low-temperature adiabatic calorimetry or experimental phase equilibria under pressure and temperature, were computed to retrieve a (S–V)P2O5 value of 57.4(2.9) to predict phosphate entropies from oxide summation. The predicted third-law entropy for trolleite, Al4(PO4)3(OH)3, amounts to 285.4(8.5) J mol−1 K−1 ~13% higher than the previously published value. We propose a new formation enthalpy from the elements of −6504.2 kJ mol−1 and a new third-law entropy of 281.7 J mol−1 K−1 for trolleite, compatible with the predicted entropy from oxide summation as well as with the published brackets on the trolleite = berlinite + corundum + water reaction.

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