Abstract

Based on petrography, mineral chemistry, and petrology, the physico-chemical evolution of an agpaitic dyke was found to be very similar to that of the neighbouring Ilímaussaq complex. Various mineral assemblages were used to reconstruct the crystallization conditions of the dyke rock for different stages during cooling. The early magmatic phenocryst assemblage is alkali feldspar + nepheline + augite + olivine + magnetite and indicates liquidus temperatures of ~850°C, silica activities of ~0.5, and oxygen fugacities of FMQ −1.5 to −3. The groundmass assemblage albite + microcline + nepheline + sodalite + arfvedsonite + aegirine + aenigmatite + astrophyllite indicates lower temperatures of between 600 and 450°C, at silica activities of 0.25, and oxygen fugacities around the FMQ buffer. Amphibole composition strongly responds to fluorite saturation and proves crystallization occurred in a system closed to oxygen. Late-stage hydrothermal conditions are indicated by the conversion of nepheline and sodalite to analcime and the growth of aegirine on arfvedsonite. These late-stage reactions are constrained to temperatures of <300°C, water activities of between 0.5 and unity, and oxygen fugacities above MH. The dyke has to be regarded as a small equivalent of the larger Ilímaussaq complex, in which identical differentiation processes proceeded at a scale very different in terms of magma volume and cooling times.

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