Fluoronyböite, ideally NaNa2(Al2Mg3)(Si7Al)O22F2, has been found in the Jianchang eclogite pod, Su-Lu coesite-eclogite province, China. It has been approved as a new mineral by the IMA. Single-crystal structure refinement and electron microprobe analysis were used for characterization: C2/m, with a = 9.666(4), b = 17.799(6), c = 5.311(2) Å, β = 104.10(3)°, V = 886.2(8) Å3, Z = 2, formula: A(Na0.78K0.06)∑ 0.84B(Na1.53Ca0.47) ∑ 2.00C(Fe2+0.89Mg2.55Mn0.01Zn0.01Fe0.323+Al1.21Ti0.01) ∑ 5.00T(Si7.14Al0.86)∑ 8.00O22X(OH0.84F1.16)∑ 2.00.
Fluoronyböite formed during UHPM conditions, and is preserved in the retrograded kyanite-bearing eclogite sample DJ102 together with clinopyroxene (Jd70Ae20Di10), garnet (Alm60Prp21Grs17Sps02), and rutile. Lower-pressure minerals are also present (fluoro-alumino-magnesiotaramite, apatite, paragonite), and symplectitic rims were also developed around clinopyroxene crystals. Cation ordering and the structural and physical properties of fluoronyböite are reported and discussed with reference to those of F-free nyböite from the type locality at Nybö in Norway, for which some as yet unpublished mineral data are also reported. Relations between composition and petrogenetic conditions of these rare high-pressure amphiboles are discussed.