Abstract

Massive chromitite, banded chromitite and disseminated chromite grains are found in a ~3800 Ma layered ultrabasic body in West Greenland. The major part of the ultrabasite is dominated by dunite. In the upper exposed part, harzburgite and sheets of gabbro-anorthosite occur. Chromite grains in dunites, and in massive and banded chromitites are homogeneous, with increasing Fe contents upwards in the intrusion. In harzburgites chromites show unusual and very complex textural relationships, with two generations of chromites one replacing the other, and both exhibiting exsolution textures. In harzburgites, an Fe-rich chromite crystallized first. This first chromite exsolved two spinel phases in a very fine-scale pattern and ilmenite lamellae in a trellis pattern. The Fe-rich chromite was later partly replaced by Al-rich chromite, which crystallized contemporaneously with formation of a late gabbro-anorthositic melt. Subsequently, the Al-rich chromite exsolved a very fine-scale magnetite-rich phase. The exsolutions in the first generation chromite were formed under magmatic conditions. Exsolution of ilmenite lamellae in Fe-rich spinel was caused by oxidation under magmatic conditions.

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