Abstract

Palladseite (palladium selenide) and palladian gold occur as euhedral inclusions in specularite and as infill of microfractures and interstices in magnetite aggregates (host rock fragments) within specularite-rich auriferous veins (jacutinga). Palladseite has minor amounts of Pt (0.6–3.5 wt.%), Cu (2.9–3.5 wt.%), Hg (0.9–1.9 wt.%), and Ag (0.3–0.5 wt.%). The palladian gold contains up to 6 wt.% Pd, and minor Cu and Ag. Isomertieite (Pd11Sb2As2) and sudovikovite (PtSe2) are also recorded. The veins cross-cut the main tectonic foliation of the wallrock (itabirite). The feature of fracture infill and the Se-Sb-As-Hg-Cu-Ag geochemical/mineralogical signature of the Au-Pd mineralization point to a post-ductile deformation and possibly low-temperature (epithermal) origin of the jacutinga mineralization style.

Palladseite is replaced locally by a Pd-rich oxidation phase. Electron microprobe analysis of alteration halos around palladseite yields 76–80 wt.% Pd. Oxygen calculated by stoichiometry accords with a monoxide compound of the type PdO. However, the measured oxygen content is lower than expected for the PdO stoichiometry, suggesting loss of volatile species, and a more ‘hydrated’ compound, such as an oxyhydroxide.

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