Abstract

Itoigawaite, SrAl 2 Si 2 O 7 (OH) 2 degrees H 2 O, is a new member of the lawsonite group found in the Itoigawa-Ohmi district, central Japan. It is orthorhombic, Cmcm, a = 6.031(2), b = 8.945(2), c = 13.219(4) Aa, Z = 4. The strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are 4.68 (s) (111), 4.26 (vs) (021), 3.31 (vs) (113), 2.75 (vs) (114, 202), 2.68 (vvs) (130), 2.63 (s) (131), 2.50 (s) (220, 203, 132), 2.45 (s) (221). Electron microprobe analysis gave SiO 2 32.98, TiO 2 0.87, Al 2 O 3 27.67, Fe 2 O 3 0.39, MgO 0.27, CaO 0.45, SrO 27.71, H 2 O (diff.) 9.66, total 100.00 wt.%, corresponding to (Sr (sub 0.97) Ca (sub 0.03) Mg (sub 0.02) ) (sub Sigma 1.02) (Al (sub 1.97) Ti (sub 0.04) Fe (sub 0.02) ) (sub Sigma 2.03) Si (sub 1.99) H (sub 3.89) O 10 on the basis of O = 10. It is transparent, blue in colour with vitreous lustre. The streak is white and the cleavage good in one direction. The hardness is 5-5.5. The calculated density is 3.3 g cm (super -3) . It is colourless in thin section and optically biaxial positive with alpha = 1.664 (2), beta = 1.674 (2), gamma = 1.688 (2) and 2V(calc.) = 81 degrees . It occurs in a thin veinlet cutting a lavender-coloured Ti-bearing jadeitite. The veinlet includes irregularly-shaped aggregates composed of minute tabular crystals of itoigawaite up to 50 mu m across and minute jadeite crystals with interstitial natrolite aggregates. Itoigawaite is considered to be crystallized from fluid during later stage activity of high-P/T metamorphism. The name is for the locality.

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