Abstract

Porphyritic natrocarbonatite lavas erupted from the Oldoinyo Lengai volcano (Tanzania) on 17 October 1995 and 15-19 December 1995 differ from previously studied lavas in that they preserve textures indicative of groundmass carbonate-carbonate immiscibility. The immiscible fractions are considered to involve: a Na-K-Ca-CO 2 -Cl-rich, F-bearing fluid crystallizing gregoryite, sodian sylvite, potassium neighborite as well as a complex Ba-rich carbonate; and a Na-rich, Cl-poor carbonate liquid approximating to a nyerereite-gregoryite cotectic composition. Compositional data are given for potassium neighborite, this mineral being the first recognized occurrence of a fluorine-based perovskite group mineral in a magmatic environment. New compositional data are also given for a previously recognized potassium iron sulphide which indicate that this phase is probably a solid solution between the ternary sulphides, KFe 3 S 4 , K 2 Fe 3 S 4 , and KFe 2 S 3 . Textural and paragenetic data are interpreted to suggest that these recent lavas are more evolved than previously investigated Oldoinyo Lengai lavas and that natrocarbonatite is a highly evolved rather than a primitive magma.

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