Four species of the ostracode genus Paijenborchella Kingma were found in Neogene and Recent sediments of the Indomalaysian and Philippine area. Of these, P. malaiensis Kingma and P. solitaria Ruggieri had a wide distribution in the Mio-Pliocene Tethys sea, ranging from Italy to the Indopacific, the latter species even to Victoria, Australia. P. malaiensis is a deep-water species living in depths of over 100 m. P. iocosa Kingma and P. malaiensis are polytypic species. The new subgenus Eopaijenborchella is proposed to incorporate the reticulate species of Paijenborchella and to distinguish them from the species with a smooth surface belonging to the nominal subgenus.

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