Abstract

The distribution of diagenetic alterations in Upper Jurassic, siliciclastic shoreface sediments from NW France has been linked to the sequence stratigraphic framework. Calcite cement in mudrocks and sandstones of the transgressive (TST) and lower part of the highstand (HST) systems tracts is microcrystalline and occurs as continuously cemented layers and stratabound concretions. The average δ18OV-PDB (−2.6‰) and 87Sr/86Sr (0.7078) compositions of microcrystalline calcite indicate precipitation from largely marine pore waters.

Calcite cement in sandstones of the forced regressive wedge (FRWST) and lowstand (LST) systems tracts is poikilotopic and occurs mainly as stratabound concretions. Complete dissolution of the carbonate grains and concomitant precipitation of poikilotopic calcite cement with low average δ18O (−5.3‰) and radiogenic Sr-isotope (0.70882) signatures suggest incursion of meteoric waters into sandstones during relative sea-level lowstand. The poorly lithified sandstones interbedded with sandstones cemented by poikilotopic calcite concretions display evidence of diagenesis under episodes of arid to semiarid paleoclimate, including: (i) partial cementation by opal, chalcedony, gypsum, and minor vadose calcite cement, (ii) mechanically infiltrated clays and Fe-oxides, and (iii) secondary porosity owing to partial dissolution of carbonate grains. The integration of diagenesis into sequence stratigraphy allows better elucidation and prediction of the spatial and temporal distribution of diagenetic alterations and related reservoir-quality modifications in shoreface sediments.

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