Abstract

A new echinoderm fauna is reported from the Brassfield Formation (Rhuddanian, Silurian) of Bath County, Kentucky. The Brassfield Formation was the first extensive marine unit to be deposited following the end-Ordovician glaciation and extinctions and represents several shallow, open-marine facies. These facies supported a diverse pelmatozoan fauna. This report not only extends the geographic distribution of this fauna, but also the temporal range of the fauna back to Rhuddanian time. Six pelmatozoans are reported, including the crinoids Browerocrinus arthrikos n. gen. n. sp., Temnocrinus americanus n. sp., Stereoaster sp., and Dendrocrinus sp.; and the glyptocystitids Brockocystis nodosarius Foerste, 1919, and Anartiocystis whitei Sumrall, 2002. In addition, the asteroid Gordonaster brassfieldensis Blake and Ettensohn, 2009, was reported previously from this locality. Browerocrinus increases the diverse calceocrinid fauna from the Brassfield Formation; Temnocrinus was previously only known from the Homerian (Silurian) of England; and this is the first known occurrence of Stereoaster beyond the greater Dayton, Ohio, region. Furthermore, this is the first Brassfield locality known with two glyptocystitid taxa.

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