Abstract

The Sesong Formation is a member of the Taebaek Group, Korea, which extends from late Cambrian Series 3 to middle Furongian in age. Recent studies on the trilobites of the Sesong Formation have contributed significantly to the revision of the biostratigraphy. However, trilobites in the lower part of the formation, which may include the “Stephanocare Zone”, have remained essentially overlooked since the establishment of the biozone, making it difficult to correlate with the equivalent biozones of North China. Here we report trilobite faunas from the lower part of the Sesong Formation in two different sections, the Seokgaejae and the Jikdong sections, which yield two species of Jiulongshania among other species. Species of Jiulongshania have been known to occur successively in North China, so are useful for detailed correlation. Specimens of Stephanocare richthofeni are fragmentary and rarely occur in association with Jiulongshania regularis, while Jiulongshania species occur throughout the studied intervals. Accordingly, it is reasonable to extend the previously established Jiulongshania Zone of the uppermost part of the underlying Daegi Formation into the lower part of the Sesong Formation. By doing so, the Jiulongshania Zone is correlated with the Blackwelderia Zone of North China with confidence. The lowermost part of the Sesong Formation in the Jikdong section yields a fauna including J. regularis, which implies that the boundary between the Daegi and Sesong formations is diachronous within the Taebaeksan Basin. The Daegi/Sesong formation boundary in Korea is comparable to the Zhangxia/Gushan boundary in North China in that it displays an abrupt change from a carbonate-dominant facies to a shale-dominant facies. The correlation employing the Jiulongshania species indicates that the facies shift occurred significantly earlier in Shandong, North China than in the Taebaeksan Basin, Korea.

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