Nine species, including two new species of decapod crustaceans, are described from the Paleocene Rancho Nuevo Formation, collected from two localities of the Parras Basin, southeast Coahuila state, Mexico. The astacid Enoploclytia gardnerae (Rathbun, 1935) is represented by a pair of large chelae and one cephalothorax. An incomplete nephropid carapace is identified as Enoploclytia sp. Partial specimens of a callianassid and a pagurid are described. One partial carapace representing Linuparus wilcoxensisRathbun, 1935 is described. A new raninid, Macroacaena venturai new species extends the genus into Mexico. Paraverrucoides alabamensis (Rathbun, 1935) is the most abundant species, followed by Tehuacana tehuacanaStenzel, 1944 and Viapinnixa perrilliatae new species. Taxonomic affinities of this assemblage confirm influence of the Mississippi Embayment, particularly from Paleocene stratigraphic units of Texas and Alabama.