The cycloids represent an enigmatic arthropod group of probably crustacean affinity, occurring mostly in the younger Paleozoic, from the early Carboniferous up to the Late Triassic (Schram et al., 1997). Superficially, cycloids strikingly resemble crabs and were thought to have had a similar lifestyle, becoming extinct when crabs started to radiate. Recently, the existence of a Late Cretaceous cycloid, Maastrichtiocaris rostratusFraaije et al., 2003, from the Maastrichtian of the Netherlands, proved that cycloids did not go extinct at the end of the Triassic as believed for a long time, but survived much longer, co-occurring with crabs....

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