T he goliath grouper (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae) inhabits tropical and subtropical waters. The Epinephelinae serranids are comprised of about 159 species in 15 genera (Heemstra and Randall, 1993) and are represented in all oceans. According to Heemstra and Randall (1993) the goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822) occurs in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil, throughout the Gulf of Mexico and in the Caribbean Sea, in the western Atlantic Ocean from Senegal to the Congo, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of California to Peru. The maximum size is about...
GOLIATH GROUPER (PISCES: SERRANIDAE) FROM THE UPPER MIOCENE URUMACO FORMATION, VENEZUELA
ORANGEL AGUILERA, DIONE RODRIGUES de AGUILERA; GOLIATH GROUPER (PISCES: SERRANIDAE) FROM THE UPPER MIOCENE URUMACO FORMATION, VENEZUELA. Journal of Paleontology ; 78 (6): 1202–1206. doi: https://doi.org/10.1666/0022-3360(2004)078<1202:GGPSFT>2.0.CO;2
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