Abstract

Seven crinoid species and one very unusual column are recognized from the Ordovician, Dobrotivian (Llandeillian Stage) to Ashgill of Spain. Three previously described species, Heviacrinus melendeziGil Cid, Domínguez, and Silván, 1996; Coralcrinus sarachagorumGil Cid, Domínguez, and Silván, 1998; and Ortsaecrinus cocaeGil Cid, Domínguez, Torres, and Jiménez, 1999, are considered, and four new species assigned to three new genera are described herein, including Visocrinus castelli, Fresnedacrinus ibericus, Morenacrinus silvani, and Merocrinus millanae. Previous reports of Ramseyocrinus from Spain have been revised, and we agree that this disparid is not presently known from Spain. These crinoids represent the largest Ordovician crinoid fauna from Gondwana, including these localities and those from the Montagne Noire along peri-Gondwana during the Ordovician. The crinoids reported here, from the Montes de Toledo and Sierra Morena, and the Ordovician crinoids from Montagne Noire have very little in common with Ordovician crinoids from the Prague Basin. Thus, these new data support paleogeographic plate positioning that allows for either paleoclimatic, paleoenvironmental, or paleogeographic isolation between the Prague Basin and peri-Gondwana.

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