Calcareous nannofossils are a group of micrometric fossils abundantly found in marine sediments. This group is mainly composed of coccoliths, platelets produced by the unicellular algae coccolithophores, and nannoliths whose biological affinity remains unknown. Calcareous nannofossils have a continuous record for the past 215 myr (Bown 1998) and can be found in almost every marine environment from coast to open oceans and from the Equator to the poles in surface waters (Winter et al. 1994). These microfossils are also made of low-Mg calcite (Siesser 1977; Stoll et al. 2001) which is resistant to...

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