A belt of Paleocene turbidites with olistostromes, the Abant Formation, crops out for 350 km along the Intra-Pontide Suture in northern Turkey. The Suture constitutes the contact between two major Pontide tectonic units, the Istanbul and Sakarya zones, and the Abant Formation was used as evidence for the Paleocene - early Eocene closure of the Intra-Pontide ocean. We mapped and studied the Abant Formation along the Intra-Pontide Suture. The Abant Formation consists of deformed Paleocene siliciclastic turbidites with mass flows. The blocks in the olistostromes are mainly Late Cretaceous pelagic limestones; there are also Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous, Late Cretaceous and Paleocene shallow marine limestone blocks. Other rare block types include late Neoproterozoic and Permian granites, basalt, chert and serpentinite. The ophiolitic blocks make up less than 5% of the Abant Formation. Most of the blocks were derived from the south, from the Sakarya Zone; detrital zircon ages from the turbidite sandstones also indicate a predominantly southern source. The Abant Formation was deposited in a foreland basin, which was formed during the Paleocene collision between the Pontides and the Anatolide-Tauride Block. The basin was preferentially located on the Intra-Pontide Suture, because the Suture constituted an old crustal lineament.

Thematic collection: This article is part of the Ophiolites, melanges and blueschists collection available at: https://www.lyellcollection.org/topic/collections/ophiolites-melanges-and-blueschists

Supplementary material:https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.7257811

This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.
You do not have access to this content, please speak to your institutional administrator if you feel you should have access.