The latest studies proved contribution of the Emeishan mantle plume (the widely-regarded origin of the Emeishan LIP in the western Yangtze Plate. LIP: large igneous province) to the Palaeo-Tethys subduction. However, whether the Palaeo-Tethys subduction oppositely affected the formation of the Emeishan LIP remains poorly understood. Here, we report geochronological, petrological, geochemical and isotopic studies of a gabbroic intrusion in this LIP, located in Jiangwei, the Dali area. The gabbro has a weighted mean SHRIMP U-Pb age of ∼262 Ma. Key geochemical features include Nb, Ta and Ti depletion; Th, U and Sr enrichment, low light/heavy rare earth element ratios and ∼0.707 87Sr/86Sr(t) and ∼-0.21 εNd(t) values. We conducted pMELTS thermodynamic modeling and batch melting calculations to evaluate the origin and evolution of the gabbro, based on real components of low-Ti picrites and xenolith of the Yangtze lithosphere. The results support 3% melting of a hydrated spinel peridotite source from the Yangtze lithosphere can produce magma equivalent to the gabbro components. Integrating this conclusion with tectonic background of the western Yangtze Plate and volcano-stratigraphic record of the Emeishan LIP, we infer the early-stage magmatism of the Emeishan LIP was triggered by Paleo-Tethys back-arc extension with fluid modification from subductional slab.