Abstract

The nappe stack in the Røssvatnet–Hattfjelldal region in the Central Norwegian Caledonides consists of seven nappes formed at the boundary between tectonostratigraphically upper and uppermost Caledonian levels. The rocks of all nappes share a polyphase tectonometamorphic evolution that is younger than the 491 ± 10 Ma depositional (volcanic) age of parts of the succession. Early stages of deformation characterized by centimetre- to kilometre-scale folding and intense shearing accompanied by greenschist to amphibolite facies peak metamorphism are correlated with the Early Ordovician Taconian accretionary orogeny along the Laurentian margin. The Taconian structures are cut by the Krutfjellet gabbro and diorite, which yield U–Pb zircon ages of 446 ± 5 and 444 ± 4 Ma, respectively. Large-scale nappe stacking and folding post-dating the emplacement of the gabbro is related to the collision of Laurentia with Baltica (Scandian orogeny) and was followed by late- to post-orogenic extension. The revised tectonostratigraphy assigns the structurally higher nappes to the Uppermost Allochthon, whereas the lower nappes are correlated with the Middle Köli Nappe Complex (Upper Allochthon). The boundary between these nappes is marked by an imbricate zone. Taconian deformation was probably much more penetrative and widespread than hitherto thought and therefore parts of the nappe stack were probably assembled before Scandian collision.

Supplementary material: Electronic Supplement 1: U–Pb zircon data and Electronic Supplement 2: Methods (laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry U–Pb zircon geochronology) are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5357255

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