Middle Triassic magmatism in the Southern Alps (Northern Italy) comprises widespread volcanoclastic deposits, basaltic lava flows and intrusive complexes. Despite the importance for understanding the geodynamic evolution of the westernmost Tethys, the timing of magmatic activity as well as the link between the different igneous products remain poorly understood. We present a comprehensive high-precision zircon U-Pb geochronology dataset for the major intrusive complexes and several volcanic ash layers that is integrated with a high-resolution stratigraphic framework of Middle Triassic volcano-sedimentary successions. The main interval of Middle Triassic magmatism lasted at least 5.07 ± 0.06 Myr. Magmatic activity started with silicic eruptions between 242.653 ± 0.036 Ma and 238.646 ± 0.037 Ma, followed by a <1 Myr eruptive interval of voluminous basaltic lava flows. Co-eval mafic to intermediate intrusions dated at 238.190 ± 0.055 to 238.075 ± 0.087 Ma may represent feeder and subvolcanic complexes related to the basalt flows. The youngest products are silicic tuffs from latest Ladinian to early Carnian sequences dated at 237.680 ± 0.047 and 237.579 ± 0.042 Ma. Complemented by zircon trace element data, our high-resolution temporal framework places tight constraints on the link between silicic and mafic igneous products in a complex geodynamic setting.
Supplementary material: ID-TIMS U-Pb and LA-ICPMS trace element data tables, sample coordinates, supplementary geochemical data, cathodoluminescence images of ID-TIMS dated zircons and supplementary field documentation are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4287506