Petrology, geochronology and bulk-rock chemistry are combined to investigate the early Neoproterozoic magmatism and Cambrian–Ordovician metamorphism in the northern Swedish Caledonides. This work includes several lithologies of the Mårma terrane in the Seve Nappe Complex exposed in the Kebnekaise region. U–Pb zircon geochronology yielded crystallization ages of 835 ± 8 Ma for a mylonitic orthogneiss, 864 ± 3 Ma for the Vistas Granite and 840 ± 7 Ma for an intruded granitic dyke, whereas a gabbro and a granodiorite intrusion gave U–Pb zircon crystallization ages of 856 ± 3 Ma and 850 ± 1 Ma, respectively. U–Pb monazite dating of the mylonitic orthogneiss gave an upper intercept age of 841 ± 7 Ma and a lower intercept age of 443 ± 20 Ma. Pressure–temperature estimates derived for the mylonitic orthogneiss reveal metamorphic peak-pressure and peak-temperature of 10.5–11.75 kbar and 550–610°C and 7.4–8.1 kbar at 615–675°C, respectively. Metamorphic pressure–temperature estimates for the Vistas Granite yield 6.5–7.5 kbar at 600–625°C. Whole-rock chemistry coupled with U–Pb geochronology indicates that bimodal magmatism was related to attempted rifting of Rodinia between 870 and 840 Ma.

Supplementary material: Supplementary figures and tables are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6675075

Thematic collection: This article is part of the Caledonian Wilson cycle collection available at: https://www.lyellcollection.org/topic/collections/the-caledonian-wilson-cycle

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