Fuerteventura and Lanzarote form the oldest emerged part of the Eastern Canary Islands archipelago. Geologically, they can be considered a single edifice, constituting a continuous volcanic ridge extending 250 km from SW to NE. This study completes the dating and the determination of the magnetic stratigraphy of the shields and the rejuvenated volcanism of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote, refining the volcanic stratigraphy and cartography. The new unspiked K–Ar ages and magnetostratigraphy of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote indicate that these islands developed patterns similar to those of the Central and Western Canary Islands, building adjacent and successively superimposed basaltic shield volcanoes during the Miocene, between 20.19 ± 0.30 and 6.30 ± 0.11 Ma. The overlay of post-Miocene rejuvenated volcanism hinders determination of the extent and interrelationship of the shields. These materials constitute only a small fraction by volume but cover a large part of the islands. Despite this, it is confirmed that the disposition of the shields is opposite to the insular progression induced by the hotspot, suggesting the presence of some SW–NE propagation volcanic front or fracture to explain its direction of development.
Supplementary material: A description of the K–Ar method is available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6641464