The Velké Vrbno Dome crops out at the boundary between the Brunovistulian Terrane and the internal parts of the Bohemian Massif. Here, eclogite boudins occur within an Ediacaran volcano-sedimentary sequence. Strong Nb depletion (Nb/Nb* = 0.19–0.82) combined with moderately positive Nd isotopic compositions (εNd(i) = +3.89 – +5.77) is used to argue for emplacement of the eclogite protoliths in a transitional supra-subduction to continental-rift setting. Conversely, heterogeneously enriched large ion lithophile elements and highly radiogenic Sr isotopic ratios (87Sr/86Sr = 0.705–0.720) are interpreted to have been modified following fluid infiltration subsequent to eclogite-facies metamorphism.

U–Pb laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry dating of magmatic zircon from the rift-type eclogite indicates Early Cambrian emplacement (c. 535 Ma) following episodic Ediacaran volcanic arc activity. Moreover, a continental setting is emphasized by zircon dating of a mylonitic orthogneiss, revealing a fragment of Palaeoproterozoic (c. 2000 Ma) basement, the first such finding within the Brunovistulian Terrane sensu stricto.

The new data from eclogite confirm that rifting in this segment of Gondwana pre-dated the Ordovician opening of the Rheic Ocean and therefore that the suture between Brunovistulia and the rest of the Bohemian Massif likely represents the vestige of an older hyperextended basin or oceanic tract.

Supplementary material: Previously unpublished single zircon evaporation ages from Ediacaran orthogneiss from the Velké Vrbno Dome (supplement A); detailed analytical methodology (supplement B); whole rock geochemical data (supplement C); and U-Pb LA-ICP-MS zircon data (supplement D) are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.5233079

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