Abstract

The Weeks Formation in Utah is the youngest (c. 499 Ma) and least studied Cambrian Lagerstätte of the western USA. It preserves a diverse, exceptionally preserved fauna that inhabited a relatively deep water environment at the offshore margin of a carbonate platform, resembling the setting of the underlying Wheeler and Marjum formations. However, the Weeks fauna differs significantly in composition from the other remarkable biotas of the Cambrian Series 3 of Utah, suggesting a significant Guzhangian faunal restructuring. This bioevent is regarded as the onset of a transitional episode in the history of life, separating the two primary diversifications of the Early Paleozoic. The Weeks fossils have been strongly affected by late diagenetic processes, but some specimens still preserve exquisite anatomical details.

Supplementary material: a supplementary text (material and methods), four supplementary tables (compositions of the lower and upper Weeks faunas, structure of the upper Weeks fauna, and results of the similarity analyses), and a supplementary data file (generic presence/absence matrix) are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4109588

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