Abundant lamprophyre dykes occur near the northern margin of the North China Craton and offer a unique opportunity to study the nature of the mantle source. The dykes are minettes composed of phlogopite, sanidine and calcite. 40Ar/39Ar dating yields ages of 234 ± 2 and 222 ± 6 Ma. The lamprophyres are near-primary, mantle-derived ultrapotassic melts, having low SiO2 (31.0 – 41.5 wt%) and high K2O (4.40 – 7.12 wt%) contents, high Mg# (62 – 84) and high contents of compatible elements. They are characterized by fractionated rare earth element patterns, radiogenic Sr and unradiogenic Nd isotope compositions (87Sr/86Sri = 0.7070 – 0.7075; εNd(t) = −12.8 to −9.2). A small amount of mafic crustal rocks (<4.4%) may have been assimilated during magma ascent, as revealed by 187Os/188Osi ratios of 0.4548 – 0.8068. These data suggest that the lamprophyres originated from a low degree of partial melting of an enriched subcontinental lithospheric mantle source with abundant phlogopite, clinopyroxene and carbonate. The source has been metasomatized by carbonate- and potassium-rich fluids derived from carbonated sediments recycled via subduction of Palaeo-Mongolian oceanic slab beneath the North China Craton.
Supplementary material: Microprobe analyses of biotite, feldspar and carbonate, 40Ar–39Ar analytical data, and 36Ar/40Ar v. 39Ar/40Ar inverse isochron diagrams for phlogopite phenocrysts and groundmass from the Datong lamprophyres are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3574265.