Abstract

The mid-ocean ridge (MOR)-type gabbroic sequences from the Internal Ligurian ophiolites include olivine-rich troctolite lenses up to tens of metres thick. For one of these lenses, a portion of metre-scale thickness characterized by skeletal to dendritic olivines (harrisites) was observed near the contact with host gabbros. Spinels from the olivine-rich troctolites locally include Ti-pargasite to kaersutite frequently associated with phlogopite to Na-phlogopite. Spinel-hosted amphibole displays rare earth element (REE) patterns characterized by a negative Eu anomaly, thereby recording a magmatic process associated with plagioclase segregation. The amphiboles show variable depletion of light REE (LREE) relative to middle REE (MREE), and heavy REE (HREE) that are weakly enriched to depleted with respect to MREE. Crystallization of the inclusion-bearing spinels is attributed to cooling of hybrid melts that originated by interaction between primitive melts and gabbro-related melts relatively rich in SiO2 and incompatible elements. Clinopyroxene and amphibole from the harrisites show extensive variability for trace element compositions, albeit characterized by subparallel incompatible element patterns. This chemical variability was most probably acquired in response to rapid crystal growth related to undercooling of the harrisite parental melt. We propose that the melt undercooling was related to interaction of a primitive melt batch with a gabbroic crystal mush.

Supplementary material: Details of the analytical technique are available at http://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3284312

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