Zagorevski & van Staal (2014) question our model (Dewey & Casey 2013) in which we invoked forearc suprasubduction zone (SSZ) spreading to form the Bay of Islands Ophiolite Complex (BOIC) as part of the Notre Dame arc of the Appalachian–Caledonian Orogen. We interpret the formation of the BOIC to have occurred by spreading proximal to a ridge–trench–trench (R–TR–TR) triple junction. Our model explains (1) the formation of the BOIC within 15–20 myr of obduction, (2) the associated subcretion of the metamorphic sole shortly after formation during subduction of the ocean lithosphere bordering Laurentia, (3) subsequent oblique ophiolite encroachment...

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