Abstract

We use 3D seismic data to image a series of enigmatic, SW-dipping reflection packets within pre-Mesozoic crystalline basement offshore western Norway. Based on their low-angle dip and complex reflection wave-train our preferred interpretation is that the reflection packets are the seismic expression of mylonitic zones generated by nappe emplacement during the Caledonian orogeny. Late Jurassic faults truncate and offset these reflection packets by several hundred metres, suggesting that these faults did not exploit pre-existing basement weaknesses. Our observations suggest that older basement fabrics may not always play a significant role in determining the geometry of later fault systems.

Supplementary materials:

Details of the time-depth relationships from wells that have been used to depth-convert interpretations (S1), a supplementary figure showing an uninterpreted version of the seismic profile presented in Fig. 2 (S2) and a throw v. distance plot for fault F1 at the structural levels of the basement reflection and intra-basement reflection 1 are available at www.geolsoc.org.uk/SUP18683.

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