Access to new material from South Africa, Corsica, Cyprus, Syria and Sumatra has allowed a systematic biostratigraphic comparison and correlation of the miogypsinids from the Mediterranean–West Africa and the Indo-Pacific provinces, and for the first time from South Africa. Twelve new species have been identified: Neorotalia tethyana, Miogypsinella bornea, Miogypsina subiensis, M. niasiensis, M. regularia, M. samuelia, Miolepidocyclina banneri, Miogypsinella cyprea, Miogypsina mcmillania, M. africana, M. ianmacmilliana and M. southernia. The palaeogeographical evolution of the miogypsinids started with a trans-Atlantic migration of Neorotalia from the Americas, where miogypsinids had originated. The eastward migration followed two paths: one to the south towards South Africa, where a distinct phylogenetic lineage, but similar to that found in America, developed but went extinct in the Burdigalian; the other to the north, through the Mediterranean corridor. During the Chattian and Aquitanian significant miogypsinid forms evolved in the Mediterranean from the morphologically distinct Mediterranean Neorotalia and migrated, within a few million years of their first appearance, into the Indo-Pacific, where they diversified further. The tectonically driven closure of the seaway between the Mediterranean and the Indo-Pacific in the Burdigalian triggered the extinction of Mediterranean miogypsinids in the Langhian. Miogypsinids survived in the Indo-Pacific into the Serravallian.