Abstract:

This work presents a methodological workflow for the 3D reconstruction of geological surfaces at regional scale, based on remote sensing data and geological maps. This workflow was tested on the reconstruction of the Anaran anticline, located in the Lurestan province, Iran. The remote sensing dataset used is a combination of Aster and Spot images as well as a high-resolution digital elevation model. The Aster images were processed using the Optimum Index Factor technique and pansharpened with the Spot technique for an easier 3D mapping. Structural dip data were acquired through analysis of the 3D mapped geological traces and analysed to divide the structure into cylindrical domains. Related plunge line orientation was used to project data along the structure, covering those areas where little or no information was available. Following the dip-domain concept a selected horizon is reconstructed and manually adjusted to the mapped traces. The reconstruction of the Anaran anticline demonstrates the applicability of this workflow when attempting to remotely reconstruct a reliable geological surface. The reconstructed surfaces clearly show the geometry of the Ilam and Asmari top horizons and the main faults affecting the anticline, allowing a consistent structural interpretation of the deeper structures.

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