The type area of the Bahía Inglesa Formation (north–central Chile) is structurally complex as a result of active margin subduction at the Peru–Chile Trench. Inliers of subaerially exposed Mesozoic igneous basement are unconformably overlain by a mid-Miocene to late Pliocene marine siliciclastic sequence, which has become known for its abundance of fossil vertebrates found concentrated in a phosphatite on an omission surface. Mega-boulders derived from one of the largest inliers occur exclusively within this bonebed, which appears to have formed after major localized uplift caused removal of a significant thickness of unconsolidated sediment. The mega-boulders were probably dislodged by a high-magnitude earthquake event that accompanied tilting of the sea floor, and their emplacement was an integral part of the processes involved in genesis of the bonebed.

You do not currently have access to this article.