Abstract

The Lower Lias of Dorset, England comprises prominent limestone-marl-shale alternations considered to be obliquity orbitally controlled, probably enhanced by diagenesis. Palynofacies analysis, the study of microscopic particulate organic matter in a sediment, identifies six superimposed palaeo-environmental variations through 12 m of this sequence: (1) 90 cm cycles in abundance of terrestrially derived organic particles, (2) 45 cm cycles in abrasion of wood particles, (3) 1.2–1.8 m cycles in shape of wood particles; (4) irregular cycles (20 cm to 5.2 m) in limestone deposition, (5) irregular alternations (50 cm to 2.5 m) in shale-marl deposition and (6) irregular variation in marine phytoplankton abundance. These are interpreted as: (a) obliquity forcing of marine currents, bottom water oxygenation and organic preservation, (b) precessional forcing of rainfall, position of storm wave base and limestone deposition, (c) eccentricity driven shallow marine energy changes preventing limestone deposition, (d) irregular marine processes affecting shale-marl deposition and marine plankton productivity. Thus, three orbital cycles acted simultaneously with different effects on different environments. Palynofacies analysis is a sensitive tool for extracting palaeoenvironmental information, particularly terrestrial variations recorded in marine sedimentary rocks. In addition, it is demonstrated that regular proxy-climatic orbital cycles are preserved within irregular sedimentary sequences.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.